The Fate of Empires and Search for Survival
- Sir John Glubb
The historians commented bitterly on the extraordinary influence aquired by popular singers over young people, resulting in a decline of sexual morality. The 'pop' singers of Baghdad accompanied their erotic songs on the lute, an instrument resembling the modern guitar. The the second half of the tenth century, as a result, much obscene sexual language came increasingly into use, such as would not have been tolerated in an earlier age. Several khalifs issued orders banning 'pop' singers from the capital, but within a few years they always returned.
An increase in the influence of women in public life has often been associated with national decline. The later Romans complained that, although Rome ruled the world, women ruled Rome. In the tenth century, a similar tendency was observable in the Arab Empire, the women demanding admission to the professions hitherto monopolised by men. 'What,' wrote the contemporary historian Ibn Bessam, 'have the professions of clerk, tax-collector or preacher to do with women? These occupations have always been limited to men alone.' Many women practised law, while others obtained posts as university professors. There was an agitation for the appointment of female judges, which, however, does not appear to have succeeded.
Soon after this period, government and public order collapsed, and foreign invaders overran the country. The resulting increase in confusion and violence made it unsafe for women to move unescorted in the streets, with the result that this feminist movement collapsed.
***Nedskrevet på et papirark jeg nå har kastet***
Som er sidenotat synes jeg å ha mistet et viktig dokument fra forsvaret. Kan være kritisk å ha i tilfelle krig. Alt annet har jeg, men ikke dette viktige dokumentet, som jeg stuet vekk et eller annet sted. Jeg gjemte det så godt at det forsvant. Får gjøre meg det forsett at jeg skriver inn til forsvaret og får det gjensendt.